ARCHITECTURE OF HOSPITALS AND MUSIC THERAPY HEALING IN THE ANATOLIAN SELJUK STATE-A NEW PERSPECTIVE

Ivana Mihaljinec, Prof. Dr. Erdal Eser

Özet


The period of Anatolian Seljuk State is very rich in the architecture of madrasas, mosques and hospitals. While mosques and madrasas are mostly preserved until today, the hospitals from that period are very few in situ examples. The ones which still exist today will be discussed in this paper: Gevher Nesibe hospital and medical school in Kayseri, Turan Melike hospital in Divrigi, Izeddin Keykavus hospital in Sivas and Anber bin Abdullah hospital in Amasya. The plans which were following originally the madrasa plan, are proved to have excellent acoustical solutions through the usage of the material, ornaments and position of venues inside the buildings. Also, the ornamentation is interesting as it goes out of the frame of classical Islamic decoration.

 The overview of settlement and history of construction will be given, as well as the overview of the history of music therapy, along with the recent research made regarding the makams and their healing attributes, Music as therapy in the Islamic world is known since 8th century from the works of al-Farabi, al-Kindi and Ibn Sina. They were the first ones to write about therapeutic effects of music on human soul, spirit and body. In this light, the recent research has been made to prove what is the healing in the makams which are still in use from 9th century until today. Not only the old scores, but also the new ones who are following the tradition in musical writing, are proved to have the healing effect, through frequencies of the specific tones.

 This new perspective opens many questions, proves ideas which were “urban legend” until now, and connects architectural ideas with musical knowledge and mathematical calculations from 11th century until today.

Keywords: Anatolia, Seljuks, Architecture, Hospital, Music Therapy, Makams


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