Roles of women in Balkan Countries and Turkey in projection of the future (Sample of Kosovo)



While determining women’s role in society related to the future, certain variables are used. Although, these variables are very well known and even ordinary, they are based on "facts". There is need of a society which is especially emphasis on women's role in the future of the countries. Being part of the development of women who are able to hear their voice, confident and strong in their decisions, emerges as a fact to be done.


            Women have been an active part of economic life since the early days of history. But, previously, activities of women have been restricted to agriculture, mostly their own businesses, apart from war periods. Primary tasks burdened of woman is care of home and family and reproductive in traditional structure (Doğramacı, 1993). Woman who is away from working life, at the same time lives far away from the other fields of social life. So, participation of women in decision-making processes is limited, for this reason they may feel powerless and ineffective in making decisions affecting their daily lives (Adaman and Keyder, 2006). Yet, when success of women entering the business life is taken into consideration, importance of the support given to them is better understood. Especially, for women there is a large number of funding and support mechanisms in the European Union (Desteci, 2007).


            Thinking that woman may have an important role in shaping the future, in order to reflect projection of the future in the research; the question "How will women influence societies in the future?" is a starting point of this research. In this context; If woman undertakes this role, it is assumed that large changes may occur in such subjects; “a different future generation, a different distribution of economic and financial resources, a different form of production and its influence on society, an increased awareness in the society and the exchange of new perspectives, contribution of diversity to production and it’s influence and ethic values of society". These variables were conceptually defined in the research: "Education, Economy, Learning Management Systems, Reformist Perspective, Sustainability and Values".


            The primary target of the study is the Balkan countries. But, due to time and transportation constraints, a pilot study has been decided. As a result, 150 members of "Kosovo Women's Solidarity Association" in Kosovo and 50 Kosovo young girls and also, 250 women working in the "Continuing Education Center" affiliated to Public Education Center located in Buca district of Izmir and 100 Turkish young people living in the same district in Turkey, formed sample of the study. By making face to face interviews with these people, they were asked their views on the topics mentioned. An evaluation was made between two countries, and “a general outcome" has been tried to be seek. Collected comparative data show that women in two countries and two provinces, necessary to be every field as "active and effective" in projection of the future. Therefore, it is thought that the study carried out, will play an important role in creating right policy in the future. Because, when it is viewed on a holistic perspective; in case of providing solidarity and cooperation between women, it will be easier that commercial opening of their countries economy and neighboring countries.

             As a result, considering the similarity of both countries’ fundamental problems, it is assumed that women and young girls will be "more democratic, participatory, inquisitive, productive, planned, conscious, diverse, flexible and compatible" within the next 5 years. As a result of emerging new situations, in line with this assumption, it will be passed to second phase of the research. Making both work and training plans, it will be worked for empowerment women and young girls. This empowerment will be provided through training.

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